Dexamethasone

Trade Names:  Decadron, Dexasone, Diodex, Hexadrol, Maxidex
Other Names: dexamethasone sodium phosphate, dexamethasone acetate

HealthHope uses generic names all told descriptions of medication. decadron is the brand for dexamethasone. Dexasone and diodes or Decadron square measure different names for Hexadrol. In some cases, health care professionals might use the brand dexamethasone or different names dexasone or diodex or Decadrononce touching on the drug name Hexadrol.

#Drug type: Hexadrol has several uses within the treatment of cancer. it’s classified as a glucocorticosteroid. (For a lot of detail, see “How this drug works” section below).

Dexamethasone is Uses :

  1. As associate degree medicine medication. Hexadrol relieves inflammation in varied elements of the body. it’s used specifically to decrease swelling (edema), related to tumors of the spine and brain, and to treat eye inflammation.
  2. To treat or stop hypersensitive reactions.
  3. As treatment of bound styles of reaction diseases, skin conditions, respiratory disorder, and
  4. different respiratory organ conditions.
  5. As treatment for a spread of cancers, like cancer, lymphoma, and myeloma.
  6. To treat nausea and puking related to some therapy medicine.
  7. Used to stimulate appetence in cancer patients with severe appetence issues.
  8. Also accustomed replace steroids in conditions of adrenal insufficiency.

#How Dexamethasone Is Given

  1. This medication is also given to you in several forms. in an exceeding pill type, it’s obtainable in an exceeding type of pill sizes. If you’re on a daily dose of Hexadrol (usually but ten mg), and you miss a dose, take the dose as presently as you keep in mind. If you’re on high doses of Hexadrol (20 mg or forty mg per day for four days out of the month), and you miss your dose, contact your tending supplier. you’ll be educated to repeat the uncomprehensible dose and continue the medication.

  2. Take pills with food or once meals

  3. This medication may additionally lean by infusion into a vein (intravenously or IV)

  4. Dexamethasone eye drops square measure given to treat or stop several eye conditions. the attention drops square measure most typically given to patients with cancer or cancer, to forestall inflammation of the eyes (conjunctivitis), if you’re receiving high dose therapy (usually Cytarabine [Ara-C]). the attention drops square measure given each six hours, in each eye, and for a minimum of forty-eight hours once the therapy has completed. don’t stop taking these eye drops unless directed by your tending supplier.

  5. You may lean Hexadrol as a lotion (topical) to treat skin disorders.

  6. The amount of Hexadrol you’ll receive depends on several factors, as well as your general health or different health issues, and therefore the reason you’re receiving this drug. Your doctor can confirm your dose and schedule.

#Dexamethasone Side Effects

Important things to recollect regarding the aspect effects of dexamethasone:

  1. Most people don’t expertise all of the aspect effects listed.
  2. Side effects square measure typically sure in terms of their onset and length.
  3. Side effects square measure nearly always reversible and can flee once treatment is complete.
  4. There square measure several choices to assist minimize or stop aspect effects.

The following aspect effects square measure common (occurring in bigger than 30%) for patients taking dexamethasone:

  1. Increased appetence
  2. Irritability
  3. Difficulty sleeping (insomnia)
  4. Swelling in your ankles and feet (fluid retention)
  5. Heartburn
  6. Muscle weakness
  7. Impaired wound healing
  8. Increased blood glucose levels. (Persons with the polygenic disorder may have to possess blood glucose levels monitored a lot of close and attainable changes to polygenic disorder medications).

The following square measure less common aspect effects (occurring in >10%) for patients receiving dexamethasone:

  1. Headaches
  2. Dizziness
  3. Mood swings
  4. Cataracts and bone cutting (with long use)

This list includes common and fewer common aspect effects for people taking Hexadrol. aspect effects that square measure terribly rare, occurring in but 100% of patients, don’t seem to be listed here. However, you ought to invariably inform your health care supplier if you expertise any uncommon symptoms.

When to contact your doctor or health care, provider

Contact your health care provider in real-time, day or night, if you ought to expertise any of the subsequent symptoms:

  1. Fever of one hundred.4° F (38° C), chills (possible signs of infection)
  2. If you’re feeling associate degree irregular or quick heartbeat, shortness of breath, or chest or jaw pain, request emergency facilitate and inform your tending supplier

  3. If you become suddenly confused

The following symptoms need medical attention, however, don’t seem to be emergency things. Contact your health care supplier among twenty-four hours of noticing any of the following

  1. Extreme fatigue (unable to hold on self-care activities)
  2. Any uncommon haemorrhage or bruising
  3. Black or tarry stools, or blood in your stools or water
  4. Nausea (interferes with the ability to eat and undiminished with prescribed medications)
  5. Vomiting (vomiting quite 4-5 times in an exceedingly 24-hour period)
  6. Dizziness or lightheadedness, feeling faint.
  7. Persistent headache
  8. Severe hot flashes or mood swings
  9. Inability to sleep (insomnia)
  10. Severe skeletal (bone) pain
  11. Difficult or painful excretion; inflated urination, or severe thirst
  12. Changes in vision, blurred vision, eye pain, enlarged pupils, discharge
  13. Any new rashes or changes in your skin
  14. Swelling of the feet or ankles. sudden weight gain (greater than three pounds a week)
  15. Swelling, redness and/or pain in one leg or arm and not the opposite

Always inform your health care supplier if you expertise any uncommon symptoms.

#Precautions

  1. Before beginning Hexadrol treatment, make certain you tell your doctor regarding the other medications you’re taking (including prescription, over-the-counter, vitamins, flavourer remedies, etc.) don’t take Empirin, or product containing Empirin unless your doctor specifically permits this.
    Do not receive any quite protection or vaccination while not your doctor’s approval whereas taking Hexadrol.

  2. If you have got been on Hexadrol pills daily, for an extended amount of your time, serious aspect effects might occur if you discontinue the medication dead. don’t stop taking this medication unless directed by your tending supplier. don’t amendment the dose of Hexadrol on your own.

    Inform your health care skilled if you’re pregnant or is also pregnant before beginning this treatment. physiological condition class C (use in physiological condition only profit to the mother outweighs the risk to the fetus).

    For each man and women: don’t conceive a baby (get pregnant) whereas taking Hexadrol. Barrier strategies of birth prevention, like condoms, square measure counseled. see your doctor once you might safely become pregnant or conceive a baby once medical care.
    Do not breastfeed whereas taking this medication.
    Self-Care Tips:

  3. If you’re on this medication for an extended amount of your time, you’ll be a lot of vulnerable to infection. Wash your hands well, and report any symptoms of infection to your tending supplier if noted.

  4. If you’re given eye drops or eye ointment: you’ll be a lot of sensitive to the sunshine. sporting spectacles might facilitate. it’s traditional to note a touch fogginess for a brief time once the drops or ointment square measure placed in your eyes. inform your tending supplier with any changes in vision, blurriness, or eye pain.

  5. If you’re given eye drops or eye ointment: raise your tending supplier if you’ll wear contact lenses. Contact lenses might absorb the medication for a minimum of quarter-hour. Wash your hands well before golf shot eye drops, to decrease the possibility of a microorganism infection in your eyes.

  6. If you’re Hexadrol as a lotion (topical) to treat skin disorders: don’t apply to open areas of skin, or if you have got open or weeping sores. Topical Hexadrol shouldn’t be used for an extended time. Discuss this along with your tending supplier.

  7. Take this medication with food to reduce associate degree stomach upset. additionally take this medication timely within the day (before 12:00 time of day, if possible), therefore you’ll be able to sleep higher in the dark.

  8. If you have got the polygenic disorder, this medication might increase your blood glucose levels. you’ll like a lot of frequent watching.

  9. Drink two to three quarts of fluid every twenty-four hours, unless you were told to limit your fluid intake, and maintain smart nutrition.
    Avoid sun exposure. Wear SPF fifteen (or higher) sunblock and protected wear.

  10. To reduce nausea, take anti-nausea medications as prescribed by your doctor, and eat little, frequent meals.

  11. In general, drinking alcoholic beverages ought to be avoided. you ought to additionally limit alkaloid intake (colas, tea, low and chocolate, especially). These beverages might irritate your abdomen.

  12. If you expertise symptoms or aspect-effects, particularly if severe, take care to debate them along with your health care team. they’ll impose medications and/or provide different suggestions that square measure effective in managing such issues.

#Monitoring and Testing

You will be checked frequently by your health care skilled whereas you’re taking Hexadrol, to observe aspect effects and check your response to medical care. Periodic blood work to observe your complete blood count (CBC) similarly because the perform of different organs (such as your kidneys and liver) will be ordered by your doctor.

#How Dexamethasone Works

Corticosteroids square measure naturally created by the endocrine within the body. Corticosteroids influence the functioning of most of the body’s systems (heart, immune, muscles and bones, endocrine and nervous system). They exert a large array of effects as well as effects on the metabolism of carbohydrates, supermolecule, and fats. they assist to keep up the balance of fluids and electrolytes.

Dexamethasone is assessed as an adrenal cortical steroid (more exactly a glucocorticosteroid) and has several uses within the treatment of cancer.

One way that it works is to decrease inflammation (swelling). It will this by preventing infection-fighting white blood cells (polymorphonuclear leukocytes) from traveling to the realm of swelling in your body. (This is why you’re a lot of vulnerable to infection whereas taking steroids). Taking advantage of the medicinal properties of the medication, corticosteroids square measure accustomed decrease the swelling around tumors. as an example, by decreasing swelling around tumors within the spine, brain, or bone, it will decrease the pressure of the tumor on nerve endings and relieve pain or different symptoms caused by the pressing tumor.

Another way these drug works is by sterilization the body’s traditional system responses. Corticosteroids square measure accustomed treat bound conditions that have an effect on the system like aplastic anemia (AA), Immune blood disease peliosis (ITP), Thrombotic blood disease peliosis (TTP), or hemolytic anemia.

In addition, it’s thought that corticosteroids might facilitate the treatment of patients with blood disorders, like myeloma. Corticosteroids may go by inflicting programmed necrobiosis (apoptosis) of bound cells, which can facilitate to fight your malady.

Dexamethasone is additionally utilized in the short-run treatment of nausea caused by therapy. however, it will this can be not absolutely understood. It additionally has been accustomed to stimulate appetence for patients with severe appetence issues.

Corticosteroids square measure accustomed replace steroids in conditions of adrenal insufficiency (low production of required steroids created by the adrenal glands).

Note: we tend to powerfully encourage you to speak along with your health care skilled regarding your specific medical condition and coverings. the data contained during this web site is supposed to be useful and academic, however, isn’t a substitute for medical recommendation.

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